There is a continuous decline on the fishing stocks due to the rapidly increase of fishing developments (!) as well as increase number of fishing boats in each day. Moreover, the domestic and industrial pollution destroy the ecological balance thus negatively affects the marine product’s stocks. These negative factors lead to a decline in various fish stocks.
Unfortunately the amount of fish stocks in our seas is not known preciously. Due to the insufficient importance given to the marine researches, national fishing politics are not developed. Because fishing quota is not apply, fishermen fish as much as they can. Rapid increase on the number of fishing boat and overfishing causes serious decline on the fish stocks of our seas.
In our country, there is 39 marine organisms which are under threat and need to be protected. Sturgeons, sea trout, tope shark, reefs, sunfish, fatty fish, sea horse, sea grass, sponges, sea turtle, dolphins and monk seal are the species which needs to be protected.
Commercial fishing live stocks like striped red mullet, red mullet, common sole, flounder, turbot, sea robin, corb, mackerel, bluefish, bonito, bluefin tuna, anchovy, tuna and shrimps are in serious decline. Even though min fishing size limit, fishing period and legal areas are pointed out in the “circular on the regulations of marine product fishing” (Table 1), which is prepared by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, General Directorate of Protection and Control, unfortunately most of the fishermen does not obey to those codes. As a result of insufficient amount of controls and enforcements, illegal trawling and fishing by using lights in Marmara Sea, continuous. Threaten species as well as the ones which need protections are in fishermen counters, big restaurants, hotels and even in fish markets.
Protecting the fish stocks depends on to the reproduction opportunity that’s giving to the fishes at least ones. If this chance isn’t given, the decline on the fish stocks will continue and possibly the species will get extinct in near future. Everyone in this society should react to this situation. Marine organisms are our joint heritage. Using of marine resources should be sustainable. This heritage should manage to pass to the future. Do not buy the small size of fishes. This reaction should be our common voice.